best central vacuum

Explore the main parts of central vacuum systems and their functions

Explore the main parts of central vacuum systems and their functions

Central vacuum systems offer a powerful and convenient alternative to traditional portable vacuums. Unlike their handheld counterparts, central vacuums house the powerful motor and dirt collection unit in a remote location, typically a garage or basement. This design allows for quieter operation and easier cleaning throughout the house with strategically placed inlets. But what goes into making this hidden cleaning champion work? Let's delve into the essential parts of a central vacuum system and explore their functions.

The Powerhouse: Central Vacuum Unit

The central vacuum unit is the heart of the system. Housed away from living areas, it contains several key components:

  • Vacuum Motor: This high-powered motor generates the suction that pulls dirt and debris through the system. Motors can range in size depending on the size of the home and the desired cleaning power.
  • Canister Housing: This durable container holds the collected dirt and debris. It can be made of various materials like metal or plastic and may have a disposable liner for easy disposal.
  • Filtration Unit (Optional): Some central vacuum units include a filtration system to trap dust and allergens before they are expelled outdoors. This is particularly beneficial for allergy sufferers or those with respiratory sensitivities. HEPA filters are a common choice for central vacuum systems.
  • Exhaust Unit: The exhaust unit expels the filtered air (or unfiltered air in some models) outside the house, typically through a vent located near the central unit.


The Network: Pipes and Fittings

A network of pipes and fittings connects the central vacuum unit to the inlets throughout the house. These pipes are typically made of PVC and are strategically hidden behind walls or under floors during installation. The size and layout of the piping system are crucial for maintaining optimal suction power throughout the house.

  • Inlet Valves: These valves are strategically placed throughout the house, usually at low points on walls or in floorboards. They function as connection points for the vacuum hose. When the hose is inserted, the valve activates, creating suction throughout the system.
  • Vacuum Hose: This flexible hose connects the inlet valve to the cleaning attachments. It allows for easy maneuvering during cleaning and comes in various lengths to reach different areas of the house.

Tools for Every Task: Cleaning Attachments

A central vacuum system's versatility lies in its wide range of cleaning attachments. These tools connect to the vacuum hose and are designed for specific cleaning tasks:

  • Floor Tools: These include standard floor tools for carpets and hard floors. Upright floor tools may have motorized brushes for deep carpet cleaning, while flat floor tools are ideal for hard surfaces like tile or wood.
  • Upholstery Tools: These specialized tools are designed for cleaning furniture, mattresses, and other upholstered surfaces. They may include crevice tools for reaching tight spaces and dusting brushes for delicate surfaces.
  • Crevice Tools: These narrow attachments are perfect for reaching into tight spaces like corners, baseboards, and along furniture edges.
  • Car Cleaning Kits: Some systems offer specialized car cleaning kits that include attachments for cleaning car interiors and exteriors.

Benefits of a Central Vacuum System

Central vacuum systems offer several advantages over traditional portable vacuums:

  • Quieter Operation: Since the motor is located away from living areas, central vacuums operate significantly quieter than portable models.
  • Improved Air Quality: Central vacuums often have more powerful filtration systems compared to portable vacuums, leading to cleaner indoor air.
  • Convenience and Ease of Use: With strategically placed inlets, cleaning becomes a breeze. Simply connect the hose and use the appropriate attachment for the job.
  • Powerful Suction: Central vacuum systems typically have more powerful motors than portable vacuums, resulting in a deeper clean.
  • Reduced Allergens: The improved filtration and remote location of the central unit can significantly reduce allergens circulating in the home.
  • Durability: Central vacuum systems are built to last, with high-quality components designed for long-term use.

Installation and Maintenance

Central vacuum systems are typically installed during home construction or major renovations. A qualified technician will design a layout to optimize suction power and install the piping network and inlets.

Maintaining a central vacuum system is relatively simple. Emptying the dirt canister regularly and cleaning or replacing the filters (if applicable) are essential tasks. Additionally, some systems may require occasional professional maintenance to ensure optimal performance.


Central vacuum systems offer a powerful, convenient, and allergy-friendly cleaning solution. By understanding the core components and their functions, you can make an informed decision about whether a central vacuum system is the right choice for your home. If you're looking for a quieter, more powerful cleaning experience, a central vacuum system might be the silent powerhouse waiting to transform your cleaning routine.

Where to Find Vacuum Parts in Canada?

For those in Canada, finding vacuum parts is straightforward. Contact us today for anything you need when it comes to vacuums. Vacuum Parts Canada provide a range of parts and services to ensure your central vacuum system remains in top working condition.

Reading next

Essential vacuum parts in Canada
Signs It’s Time to Replace Your Vacuum Cleaner Hose and How to Choose a New One

Leave a comment

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

Fast Free Shipping

On All Orders Over $99

110% Money Back Guarantee

Secure Payments

Visa, Mastercard, Paypal

Quality Customer Service

1-855-825-7784 or

Best Price Guarantee